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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Jun 1;78(3):339-44. Epub 2005 Jan 15.

Wine preference and related health determinants in a U.S. national sample of young adults.

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1
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Ave., Suite 450 Berkeley, CA 94704, USA. paschall@pire.org

Abstract

This study examined relationships between wine preference and selected health determinants in a U.S. national sample of young adults to improve understanding of the association between light-moderate wine consumption and long-term morbidity and mortality risk. Interview data collected from 12,958 young adults who participated in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed to determine whether wine preference was related to educational, health and lifestyle characteristics that are predictive of long-term morbidity and mortality. Wine drinkers generally had more formal education, better dietary and exercise habits, and more favorable health status indicators (e.g., normal body mass) than other drinkers and non-drinkers. A larger proportion of wine drinkers were light-moderate drinkers compared to beer or liquor drinkers, and wine drinkers were less likely to report smoking or problem drinking than beer or liquor drinkers. These findings indicate that wine preference in young adulthood is related to educational, health and lifestyle characteristics that may help to explain the association between light-moderate wine consumption and morbidity, and mortality risk in later adulthood.

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