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Addict Behav. 2005 Jun;30(5):949-61.

Implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking in a smoking and a nonsmoking setting.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands. J.Huijding@PPSW.rug.nl

Abstract

To test whether global smoking attitudes may be a driving factor in smoking behavior, Experiment 1 assessed smoking associations with the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Although smokers' attitudes (N=24) were less negative than those of nonsmokers (N=24), both displayed negative associations with smoking. To test whether these findings may be an artifact of measurement setting and/or the indirect measure that was used, Experiment 2 assessed attitudes in a smoking (N=20) or a nonsmoking setting (N=20) using the IAT and an Affective Simon Task. In both settings, negative attitudes emerged, suggesting that global (implicit) attitudes may be a moderating rather than a driving factor in smoking behavior.

PMID:
15893091
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.09.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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