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Histochem Cell Biol. 2005 Jun;123(4-5):441-6. Epub 2005 May 13.

Human sterol 12a-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) is mainly expressed in hepatocytes in a homogenous pattern.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Chemistry, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, C1:74, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.


The liver is the only organ where the complete synthesis of bile acids takes place. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether regional differences exist within the individual human hepatic lobuli regarding the pattern of expression of sterol 12alpha-hydroxylase (CYP8B1), a key enzyme in bile acid synthesis. A specific anti-human CYP8B1 peptide antiserum was developed and used for Western blotting and hepatic immunostaining of livers from various patients. CYP8B1 in human liver was expressed in the cytoplasm of hepatocytes with an even nonzonal distribution within the liver lobulus. Pericentral expression was confirmed for CYP2E1. A weak staining was noted in cholangiocytes and Kupffer cells. Previous studies on hepatic CYP27A1 and CYP7A1 in rats have shown a zonal expression, primarily in the pericentral region. Our studies indicate a different pattern for CYP8B1 expression in human liver, which was even rather than zonal.

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