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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Apr;1040:80-3.

Identification of 26RFa from frog brain: a novel hypothalamic neuropeptide with orexigenic activity in mammals.

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European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, University of Rouen, Mont-Saint-Aignan, France.


In the present study, we report the identification, in the frog brain, of a novel neuropeptide, termed 26RFa, that belongs to the RFamide peptide family. The cDNAs encoding the precursors for 26RFa have been characterized in human and rats. In rats, prepro-26RFa mRNA is expressed exclusively in two hypothalamic nuclei involved in the control of feeding behavior. Intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa in mice induced a dose-dependent increase in food consumption. Taken together, these data indicate that 26RFa is a novel neuropeptide that may have important biological functions in vertebrates.

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