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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2005 Jun;25(6):523-9.

Steady-state serum and intrapulmonary pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tigecycline.

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Infectious Diseases Research Group, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California-San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, Box 560, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA.


The steady-state serum and intrapulmonary pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of tigecycline were determined after intravenous administration in 30 subjects. Tigecycline was administered as a 100mg loading dose followed by six 50mg doses given every 12h and was measured using HPLC/mass spectrometry. Ratios of tigecycline maximum serum concentration and area under the serum concentration-time curve to 90%-minimum inhibitory concentrations (C(max)/MIC(90); AUC/MIC(90)), and percentage time above MIC(90) were calculated for common respiratory pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae). The C(max) (mean+/-S.D.), AUC and half-life for serum were 0.72+/-0.24 microg/mL, 1.73+/-0.64 microg*h/mL and 15.0+/-1.10h; for lung epithelial lining fluid (ELF) the values were 0.37 microg/mL, 2.28 microg*h/mL and 39.1h; and for alveolar cells (AC) were 15.2 microg/mL, 134 microg*h/mL and 23.7h. Tigecycline was concentrated in AC: C(max)/MIC(90) ratios ranged from 30.4 (H. influenzae) to 507 (S. pneumoniae); AUC/MIC(90) ratios ranged from 268 (H. influenzae) to 4467 (S. pneumoniae); and percentage dose interval above MIC(90) was 100% for the five respiratory pathogens. The C(max)/MIC(90), AUC/MIC(90) ratios, T>MIC(90) and extended serum and intrapulmonary half-lives following the regimen used in this study are favourable for the treatment of tigecycline-susceptible pulmonary infections.

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