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Virus Res. 2005 Oct;113(1):26-35.

HIV-1 infection initiates changes in the expression of a wide array of genes in U937 promonocytes and HUT78 T cells.

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Center of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.


Human monocytes/macrophages (M/M) are the major targets for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. To characterize the global effects of acute HIV-1 infection on gene expression in M/M, the expression levels of 550 host cell RNA transcripts in U937 human promonocytes at 2-3 days after HIV-1 infection were assessed using cDNA microarray analysis and were compared to those in the infected HUT78, a CD4+ T cell line. Confirmed by semiquantitative RT-PCR, our results showed that 12 genes were up-regulated and 26 genes were down-regulated in the infected U937 cells at 2-3 days post-infection, whereas 8 genes were up-regulated and 20 genes were down-regulated in the infected HUT78 cells at 2-3 days post-infection. These genes encode a host of proteins with divergent functions in a variety of cellular processes including apoptosis (FAS, Fas ligand, PIN, HSP90beta, bcl-2, bcl-x), cell signal transduction (Ras, RGS1, IRF-1, STAT3), receptor-mediated signaling transduction (CD71, CD69, CD3delta), cell cycle and growth (c-myc, cytokines, kinase), transcriptional regulation (EWS, CREB-2), and chemotaxis (beta-chemokines, RANTES), supporting the general effects of HIV-1 infection on cells of different origin. Although most identified genes were regulated similarly in both infected cell lines, differences in gene regulation, such as c-myc, CD71, CD69, and beta-chemokines, between the two infected cell lines were also identified in this study. These differences may further our understanding of the pathogenicity of HIV and enable the discovery of novel therapeutic approach for AIDS.

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