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Cell Immunol. 2005 Jan;233(1):53-60.

Immunostimulatory activity of major membrane protein-II from Mycobacterium leprae.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Leprosy Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-2-1 Aobacho, Higashimurayama, Tokyo 189-0002, Japan. mmaki@nih.go.jp

Abstract

We examined the antigenicity of an immunomodulatory protein, major membrane protein (MMP)-II, from Mycobacterium leprae, since host defense against M. leprae largely depends on adaptive immunity. Both unprimed and memory T cells from healthy individuals were stimulated by autologous MMP-II-pulsed monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) to produce IFN-gamma. The DC-mediated IFN-gamma production was dependent on the expression of MHC, CD86, and MMP-II antigens. Memory T cells from paucibacillary (PB) leprosy more extensively responded to MMP-II-pulsed DCs than T cells from healthy individuals, while comparable IFN-gamma was produced by unprimed T cells. Memory T cells from multibacillary leprosy, which are normally believed to be anergic, were activated similarly to those from healthy individuals by MMP-II-pulsed DCs. These results suggest that memory T cells from PB leprosy are primed with MMP-II prior to the manifestation of the disease, and MMP-II is highly antigenic in terms of activation of adaptive immunity.

PMID:
15885677
DOI:
10.1016/j.cellimm.2005.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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