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Physiol Behav. 2005 Apr 13;84(5):669-75.

Imprecise control of energy intake: absence of a reduction in food intake following overfeeding in young adults.

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Division of Nutritional Sciences, 112 Savage Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-6301, USA.


The objective was to examine the extent to which overfeeding reduces spontaneous food intake in humans. Twelve normal-weight adults participated in the three stage study. During the 14 day baseline period and 21 day recovery period, food intake was consumed ad libitum, beyond a minimum 5 MJ (1200 kcal) basal diet. During the 13 day period of overfeeding, each subject consumed 35% more energy than they consumed at baseline. Overfeeding resulted in a weight gain of 2.3+/-0.37 kg, (p<0.0001), approximately half the weight gain was determined to be fat (1.2+/-0.19 kg, p<0.0001) by underwater densitometry. Following overfeeding, mean daily caloric intake was not significantly suppressed returning immediately to baseline values. Despite normal energy intake, participants lost 1.3+/-0.24 kg of body weight (p<0.0001), of which 0.75+/-0.15 kg (p<0.0001) was fat. These results indicated that (1) the physiological control of eating behavior in humans is not the major mechanism responsible for the recovery of body weight following a period of overfeeding and (2) an increase in energy expenditure of 1.28 MJ (307 kcal)/day or about 14% was required to account for the weight loss following overfeeding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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