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FEBS J. 2005 May;272(10):2566-77.

Quantitative interdependence of coeffectors, CcpA and cre in carbon catabolite regulation of Bacillus subtilis.

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Lehrstuhl für Mikrobiologie, Institut für Mikrobiologie, Biochemie und Genetik der Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany.


The phosphoproteins HPrSerP and CrhP are the main effectors for CcpA-mediated carbon catabolite regulation (CCR) in Bacillus subtilis. Complexes of CcpA with HPrSerP or CrhP regulate genes by binding to the catabolite responsive elements (cre). We present a quantitative analysis of HPrSerP and CrhP interaction with CcpA by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) revealing small and similar equilibrium constants of 4.8 +/- 0.4 microm for HPrSerP-CcpA and 19.1 +/- 2.5 microm for CrhP-CcpA complex dissociation. Forty millimolar fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) or glucose-6-phosphate (Glc6-P) increases the affinity of HPrSerP to CcpA at least twofold, but have no effect on CrhP-CcpA binding. Saturation of binding of CcpA to cre as studied by fluorescence and SPR is dependent on 50 microm of HPrSerP or > 200 microm CrhP. The rate constants of HPrSerP-CcpA-cre complex formation are k(a) = 3 +/- 1 x 10(6) m(-1).s(-1) and k(d) = 2.0 +/- 0.4 x 10(-3).s(-1), resulting in a K(D) of 0.6 +/- 0.3 nm. FBP and Glc6-P stimulate CcpA-HPrSerP but not CcpA-CrhP binding to cre. Maximal HPrSerP-CcpA-cre complex formation in the presence of 10 mm FBP requires about 10-fold less HPrSerP. These data suggest a specific role for FBP and Glc6-P in enhancing only HPrSerP-mediated CCR.

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