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Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 May;123(5):662-6.

Incidence of emergency department-treated eye injury in the United States.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S. 18th Street, Birmingham, AL 35294-0009, USA. mcgwin@uab.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To present the descriptive epidemiology of emergency department-treated eye injury in the United States.

METHODS:

Data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program was used to estimate the number of patients treated in US emergency departments for eye injuries. Eye injury rates were calculated according to age, sex, and race, and characteristics of the injury event were determined.

RESULTS:

The rate of emergency department-treated eye injury in the United States is 3.15 per 1000 population (95% confidence interval, 2.66-3.63). Rates were highest among those in their 20s and 30s, among males, and among American Indians and African Americans. The majority of injuries occurred in the home, and contusions and abrasions were the most common types of injury.

CONCLUSION:

This study documents the burden of eye injury in the United States and identifies areas wherein future research activities should be directed.

PMID:
15883286
DOI:
10.1001/archopht.123.5.662
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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