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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jun 17;331(4):909-16.

Role of Rho family GTPases in CCR1- and CCR5-induced actin reorganization in macrophages.

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Center for Immunology and Inflammation, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Research Institute, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA.


The beta-chemokines, MIP-1alpha/CCL3, MIP-1beta/CCL4, and RANTES/CCL5, play a critical role in the selective accumulation and activation of macrophages in inflamed tissues. Herein, we demonstrate that the binding of each of these beta-chemokines to their cognate receptors, CCR1 and CCR5, in either macrophages or in CCR1- or CCR5-transfected CHO cells, induced actin reorganization and the formation of lamellipodia that are characteristic of the activation of the Rho family GTPase, Rac. A dominant negative mutant of Rac, but not dominant negative mutants of RhoA or Cdc42, blocked MIP-1alpha-induced lamellipodia formation. Moreover, this MIP-1alpha-induced Rac activation and consequent lamellipodia formation is Gi- and phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)-mediated. Thus, Rac activation is critical for both CCR1- and CCR5-triggered signaling cascades mediating beta-chemokine-induced reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, a process essential for effective recruitment and activation of macrophages in inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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