Send to

Choose Destination
Dent Mater J. 2005 Mar;24(1):1-13.

Technique-sensitivity of contemporary adhesives.

Author information

Leuven BIOMAT Research Cluster, Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Oral Pathology and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.


Besides micro-mechanical interlocking through hybrid-layer formation, self-etch adhesives may benefit from additional chemical interaction between the functional monomer and residual hydroxyapatite. One-step adhesives are commonly associated with lower bonding effectiveness, which must be attributed in part to the dissolution of hydrophilic and hydrophobic monomers in a relatively highly concentrated solvent. In this 'difficult' mixture, also water is essential as ionization medium to enable self-etching activity. Due to the high hydrophilicity, one-step self-etch adhesives have been reported to behave as semi-permeable membranes, allowing fluids to pass through and seriously jeopardizing bond durability. Recent research has also revealed that HEMA-free one-step adhesives are prone to phase-separation, which may also account for their lower bonding effectiveness. Employing an appropriate air-drying technique may, however, improve the bonding effectiveness of such phase-separating adhesives by getting rid of substantially more interfacial water than HEMA-containing adhesives, of which water might be more difficult to remove from.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center