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Muscle Nerve. 2005 Jul;32(1):51-60.

Oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity and the development of neuropathy.

Author information

1
Institute of Neurological Sciences, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

The pathophysiology of oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity remains unclear, although in vitro studies suggest involvement of voltage-gated Na+ channels. In the present study, clinical assessment was combined with nerve conduction studies (NCS) and nerve excitability studies in 16 patients after completion of oxaliplatin therapy. Chronic neuropathic symptoms persisted in 50% of patients. NCS confirmed abnormalities in symptomatic patients: sensory potentials were significantly low, whereas motor studies remained essentially normal. At 12-month follow-up of symptomatic patients, positive sensory symptoms improved but NCS abnormalities persisted. Cumulative oxaliplatin dose was a predictor of neuropathy, and long-term effects appeared to be minimized by low single-infusion dosages. Nerve excitability measures in symptomatic patients established that axons were of high threshold. Refractoriness was significantly greater in patients (symptomatic group, 56.3 +/- 24.9%; entire patient group, 46.3 +/- 12.5%; controls, 27.1 +/- 1.9%; P < 0.05). Thus, although positive sensory symptoms of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy improved, negative sensory symptoms and abnormalities of sensory nerve conduction persisted. Differences in nerve excitability measures, particularly refractoriness, support in vitro studies indicating involvement of voltage-gated transient Na+-channel dysfunction in the development of oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity.

PMID:
15880395
DOI:
10.1002/mus.20340
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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