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J Urol. 2005 Jun;173(6):2171-4.

Activation of natural killer T cells by alpha-galactosylceramide mediates clearance of bacteria in murine urinary tract infection.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita and Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

alpha-Galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer), which is a specific ligand for CD1d restricted variable-alpha14chain natural killer T cells, has an important role in host defense against a range of microbial infections. We examined whether alpha-GalCer mediates bacterial clearance in a murine urinary tract infection (UTI) model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The murine UTI model was established by intravesical inoculation of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa or methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, followed by clamping the distal end of the urethra of C57BL/6 female mice for 4 hours. The antibacterial effect of alpha-GalCer was assessed by comparing the number of cfu/gm kidney tissue 4 days after bacterial inoculation. The prophylactic effect of alpha-GalCer was examined by administrating 3 doses of intraperitoneal alpha-GalCer on alternate days 24 hours before E. coli inoculation. The therapeutic effect of alpha-GalCer was tested by the administration of 2 doses of intraperitoneal alpha-GalCer after bacterial inoculation. To assess cytokine induction by alpha-GalCer serum levels of interleukin-12, interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were measured by cytometric bead array assay.

RESULTS:

When administered before bacterial inoculation, alpha-GalCer showed a strong prophylactic antibacterial effect. alpha-GalCer also showed a marked antibacterial effect on preestablished mice UTI caused by E. coli, P. aeruginosa and methicillin resistant S. aureus. alpha-GalCer induced a significantly higher level of interleukin-12, interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha compared with control glycolipids.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest a significant role for alpha-GalCer in regulating antibacterial functions by activating natural killer T cells in the murine UTI model.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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