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Carcinogenesis. 2005 Sep;26(9):1493-502. Epub 2005 May 5.

Substantial changes in gene expression of Wnt, MAPK and TNFalpha pathways induced by TGF-beta1 in cervical cancer cell lines.

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Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.


Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) is a potent inhibitor of epithelial cell proliferation. During the development of cervical carcinoma however, an increase in production of TGF-beta1 is accompanied by decreased sensitivity for the growth-limiting effect of TGF-beta1. TGF-beta1 has an anti-proliferative effect on cells of the immune system and thus can be advantageous for tumor progression. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of TGF-beta1 on mRNA expression profile of genes in pathways involved in cell growth and cell death, in cervical carcinoma cell lines with different sensitivity to TGF-beta1. For this purpose, we have investigated changes in gene expression in TGF-beta1 stimulated cervical cancer cell lines with high (CC10B), intermediate (SiHa) and low (HeLa) sensitivity to the anti-proliferative effect of TGF-beta1, at timepoints 0, 6, 12 and 24 h. Microarray analysis, using Affymetrics focus arrays, representing 8973 genes, was used to measure gene expression. In our study novel target genes involved in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and wingless type (Wnt) pathways in response to TGF-beta1 were found. Substantial differences in gene expression between TGF-beta1 sensitive and insensitive cell lines were observed involving genes in TNFalpha, MAPK, Wnt and Smad pathways. Since these pathways are implicated in cell proliferation and cell death, these pathways may play a role in determining the overall sensitivity of a cell to TGF-beta1 induced cell growth inhibition. The results were subsequently validated by quantitative real-time PCR. Increased resistance to TGF-beta1 induced cell growth inhibition was correlated with an elevated production of TGF-beta1 by the cell lines, as measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. TGF-beta1 production did not inhibit cell growth, since blocking TGF-beta1 protein by anti-TGF-beta had no effect on cell proliferation. TGF-beta1 excretion by tumor cells more likely contributes to paracrine stimulation of tumor development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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