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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2005 May;127(5):627-37.

From 2-dimensional cephalograms to 3-dimensional computed tomography scans.

Author information

1
Orthodontic Department, University of Athens Dental School, Greece. dhal@dhal.com

Abstract

Computed tomography is entering the orthodontic specialty as a mainstream diagnostic modality. Radiation exposure and cost have decreased significantly, and the diagnostic value is very high compared with traditional radiographic options. However, 3-dimensional data present new challenges and need a different approach from traditional viewing of static images to make the most of the available possibilities. Advances in computer hardware and software now enable interactive display of the data on personal computers, with the ability to selectively view soft or hard tissues from any angle. Transfer functions are used to apply transparency and color. Cephalometric measurements can be taken by digitizing points in 3-dimensional coordinates. Application of 3-dimensional data is expected to increase significantly soon and might eventually replace many conventional orthodontic records that are in use today.

PMID:
15877045
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajodo.2005.01.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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