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Cell Cycle. 2005 Apr;4(4):590-6. Epub 2005 Apr 18.

Localization of phosphorylated forms of Bcl-2 in mitosis: co-localization with Ki-67 and nucleolin in nuclear structures and on mitotic chromosomes.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire du Contrôle de la Prolifération, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse cédex, France.


Bcl-2 phosphorylation is a normal physiological process occurring at mitosis or during mitotic arrest induced by microtubule damaging agents. The consequences of Bcl-2 phosphorylation on its function are still controversial. To better understand the role of Bcl-2 phosphorylation in mitosis, we studied the subcellular localization of phosphorylated forms of Bcl-2. Immunofluorescence experiments performed in synchronized HeLa cells indicate for the first time that mitotic phosphorylated forms of Bcl-2 can be detected in nuclear structures in prophase cells together with nucleolin and Ki-67. In later mitotic stages, as previously described, phosphorylated forms of Bcl-2 are localized on mitotic chromosomes. In addition, we demonstrate that Bcl-2 in these structures is at least in part phosphorylated on the T56 residue. Then, coimmunoprecipitation experiments reveal that, in cells synchronized at the onset of mitosis, Bcl-2 is present in a complex with nucleolin, cdc2 kinase and PP1 phosphatase. Taken together, these data further support the idea that Bcl-2 could have a new function at mitosis.

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