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Psychon Bull Rev. 2004 Dec;11(6):1048-54.

Is categorization performance really intact in amnesia? A meta-analysis.

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Department of Psychology, Bronfman Science Center, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA.


Most published studies of category learning in amnesia have reported intact categorization performance. These results have been used to challenge single-system accounts of categorization and recognition, in which a single representational system mediates performance in these two tasks. Many of the published studies, however, have shown a numerical advantage for controls over amnesics and often have had low statistical power. A meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether this numerical advantage is significant when the data are pooled across studies. This analysis indicates that amnesic subjects do, in fact, show deficits in categorization tasks, which is consistent with single-system exemplar model predictions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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