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J Pediatr. 2005 May;146(5):648-53.

Initial presentation of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus: a French multicenter study.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Hôpital de Bicêtre, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94276 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France. brigitte.bader-meunier@bct.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the clinical and laboratory manifestations of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at presentation.

STUDY DESIGN:

This retrospective French multicenter study involved 155 patients in whom SLE developed before the age of 16 years. Mean patient age at onset was 11.5 +/- 2.5 years (range, 1.5-16 years). The female to male ratio was 4.5.

RESULTS:

The most common initial manifestations were hematologic (72%), cutaneous (70%), musculoskeletal (64%), renal (50%), and fever (58%). Thirty-two percent of children had atypical symptoms, mainly including abdominal involvement in 26 patients, which lead to negative laparotomy results for presumed appendicitis. Severe renal, neurologic, hematologic, abdominal, cardiac, pulmonary, thrombotic, and/or cutaneous manifestations occurred within the first month after the diagnosis in 40% of patients. The mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 72 +/- 29 mm/h, and the mean C-reactive protein value 22 +/- 21 mg/L. Antinuclear antibodies an, anti-double stranded DNA antibodies, and low C3 or C4 level were retrieved in 97%, 93%, and 78 % of patients, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Initial manifestations of childhood-onset SLE are diverse and often severe. The diagnosis of SLE should be promptly considered in any febrile adolescent with unexplained organ involvement, especially when associated with an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

PMID:
15870669
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2004.12.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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