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J Thromb Haemost. 2005 May;3(5):1036-41.

Lipid rafts are required in Galpha(i) signaling downstream of the P2Y12 receptor during ADP-mediated platelet activation.

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1
Sol Sherry Thrombosis Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.

Abstract

ADP is important in propagating hemostasis upon its secretion from activated platelets in response to other agonists. Lipid rafts are microdomains within the plasma membrane that are rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids, and have been implicated in the stimulatory mechanisms of platelet agonists. We sought to determine the importance of lipid rafts in ADP-mediated platelet activation via the G protein-coupled P2Y1 and P2Y12 receptors using lipid raft disruption by cholesterol depletion with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin. Stimulation of cholesterol-depleted platelets with ADP resulted in a reduction in the extent of aggregation but no difference in the extent of shape change or intracellular calcium release. Furthermore, repletion of cholesterol to previously depleted membranes restored ADP-mediated platelet aggregation. In addition, P2Y12-mediated inhibition of cAMP formation was significantly decreased upon cholesterol depletion from platelets. Stimulation of cholesterol-depleted platelets with agonists that depend upon Galpha(i) activation for full activation displayed significant loss of aggregation and secretion, but showed restoration when simultaneously stimulated with the Galpha(z)-coupled agonist epinephrine. Finally, Galpha(i) preferentially localizes to lipid rafts as determined by sucrose density centrifugation. We conclude that Galpha(i) signaling downstream of P2Y12 activation, but not Galpha(q) or Galpha(z) signaling downstream of P2Y1 or alpha2A activation, respectively, has a requirement for lipid rafts that is necessary for its function in ADP-mediated platelet activation.

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