Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Abnorm Psychol. 2005 May;114(2):319-23.

Validating a distinction between primary and secondary psychopathy with measures of Gray's BIS and BAS constructs.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA. jpnewman@wisc.edu

Abstract

Investigators commonly distinguish between primary and secondary psychopathy (H. Cleckley, 1976; D.T. Lykken, 1995), though there is a lack of consensus regarding the best means to achieve this distinction. To address the validity of using R. D. Hare's (2003) Psychopathy Checklist and the G. Welsh (1956) Anxiety Scale for this purpose, the authors used 2 measures of J. A. Gray's (1987) behavioral inhibition system/behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS). Following D. T. Lykken (1995) and D. C. Fowles (1980), the authors hypothesized that primary psychopathy would be associated with a weak BIS and a normal BAS, whereas secondary psychopathy would be associated with a strong BAS and a normal BIS. Results for primary psychopathy were as predicted. Results for secondary psychopathy clearly supported the strong BAS prediction but provided mixed support for the normal BIS prediction.

PMID:
15869363
DOI:
10.1037/0021-843X.114.2.319
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Psychological Association
Loading ...
Support Center