Send to

Choose Destination
Surg Endosc. 2005 Jun;19(6):798-803. Epub 2005 May 3.

Intraabdominal adhesion formation of polypropylene mesh. Influence of coverage of omentum and polyglactin.

Author information

Department of Surgery, Rhenish-Westphalian Technical University, Aachen, Germany,



Adhesions after intraabdominal surgical procedures are related to high morbidity and mortality. Biomaterials, particularly those made of polypropylene, in the intraabdominal position have to be considered as pathophysiological cofactor in a multifactorial process of adhesion formation. To investigate the adhesive potential induced by the biomaterial, an animal model was performed. In addition, the influence of coverage by omentum or a polyglactin barrier was investigated.


In, 18 Chinchilla rabbits the biomaterial was placed laparoscopically using the intraperitoneal onlay mesh technique. Using this model, a polypropylene-polyglactin mesh compound (PPMC) was used with three different implantation techniques: group 1, PPMC implantation without coverage (PPMC): group 2, PPMC implantation with additional omentum coverage (PPMC-O): and group 3, PPMC implantation with coverage of an absorbable polyglactin mesh (PPMC-V). The degree of adhesion formation was measured 90 days after implantation by computer-assisted planimetry. Morphometric examination followed the explantation analyzing the amount of foreign body response.


We found a significant reduction of adhesion formation for the PPMC and PPMC-O groups compared to the PPMC-V group, in which dense adhesions were found. Morphometric investigations of the perifilamental granulomas of the pure (PPMC) group revealed a typical foreign body reaction with a mild to moderate fibrosis around all mesh fibers. However, tissue specimens of the PPMC-O and PPMC-V groups indicated a similar inflammatory reaction but significantly increased connective tissue formation around the polymer fibers compared to the pure PPMC group.


The intraabdominal placement of a pure PPMC shows a neoperitonealization and perifilamental collagenous ingrowth with almost no adhesions. Coverage with omentum (PPMC-O) or polyglactin mesh (PPMC-V) resulted in a significant increase in inflammation and perifilamentary connective tissue formation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center