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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 May;129(5):1032-40.

Impact of preoperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation on outcome after mitral valvuloplasty for nonischemic mitral regurgitation.

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Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1 Fujishirodai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan.



We sought to determine the impact of preoperative or postoperative atrial fibrillation on survival, stroke, and cardiac function after mitral valvuloplasty for mitral regurgitation.


Between 1991 and 2003, 1026 patients with nonischemic/noncardiomyopathy mitral valve regurgitation underwent mitral valve plasty in 3 centers; 663 patients remained in sinus rhythm (group A), and 363 patients had atrial fibrillation or flutter preoperatively (group B) with concomitant maze procedures (group BM, n = 163) or without maze procedures (group BN, n = 200).


Eight-year freedom from cardiovascular-related death was better in group A (99.3%) than group B (BM: 96.9%, BN: 81.6%) ( P < .001) and also better in group BM than group BN ( P = .007). The adjusted hazard ratio of group B versus group A for preoperative differences was 5.1 (95% confidence interval: 1.8-14.8). Eight-year freedom from stroke was better in group A (99.2%) than group B (BM: 98.2%, BN: 82.6%) ( P < .001) and also better in group BM than group BN ( P < .001). Patients with preoperative atrial fibrillation had larger left atria and left ventricular systolic dimensions. The adjunct maze procedure improved left ventricular systolic dimensions over mitral repair alone (group A vs B: P = .359; group BM vs BN: P = .001).


Preoperative permanent/persistent atrial fibrillation was associated with a dilated left atrium and reduced left ventricular function in patients with mitral regurgitation. Including the maze procedure with mitral repair improved survival, late cardiac function, and freedom from late stroke.

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