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Clin J Sport Med. 2005 May;15(3):133-5.

Cumulative incidence of achilles tendon rupture and tendinopathy in male former elite athletes.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland. urho.kujala@sport.jyu.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the cumulative incidence of Achilles tendon rupture and tendinopathy among former top-level athletes.

DESIGN:

Historical cohort study.

SETTING:

Finland.

PARTICIPANTS:

Male former elite athlete cohort members (n = 785; median age, 69 years when responding to the questionnaire; range, 54-97) and their matched controls (n = 416; median age, 68 years; range, 56-94).

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Questionnaire-reported Achilles tendinopathy and tendon rupture diagnosed by physicians before the age of 45 years and within the subjects' lifetimes.

RESULTS:

Cumulative incidence of Achilles tendinopathy before the age of 45 was high for middle and long-distance runners (adjusted odds ratio, 31.2 compared with controls; P < 0.001), and cumulative incidence of Achilles tendon rupture was high for sprinters (odds ratio, 14.9; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Achilles tendon problems seem to constitute clinically significant and common problems in specific sports.

PMID:
15867554
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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