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J Bacteriol. 2005 May;187(10):3293-301.

Respiration and growth of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 using vanadate as the sole electron acceptor.

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  • 1Laboratory of Protein Biochemistry and Protein Engineering, UGent, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.


Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 is a free-living gram-negative gamma-proteobacterium that is able to use a large number of oxidizing molecules, including fumarate, nitrate, dimethyl sulfoxide, trimethylamine N-oxide, nitrite, and insoluble iron and manganese oxides, to drive anaerobic respiration. Here we show that S. oneidensis MR-1 is able to grow on vanadate as the sole electron acceptor. Oxidant pulse experiments demonstrated that proton translocation across the cytoplasmic membrane occurs during vanadate reduction. Proton translocation is abolished in the presence of protonophores and the inhibitors 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide and antimycin A. Redox difference spectra indicated the involvement of membrane-bound menaquinone and cytochromes c, which was confirmed by transposon mutagenesis and screening for a vanadate reduction-deficient phenotype. Two mutants which are deficient in menaquinone synthesis were isolated. Another mutant with disruption in the cytochrome c maturation gene ccmA was unable to produce any cytochrome c and to grow on vanadate. This phenotype could be restored by complementation with the pEC86 plasmid expressing ccm genes from Escherichia coli. To our knowledge, this is the first report of E. coli ccm genes being functional in another organism. Analysis of an mtrB-deficient mutant confirmed the results of a previous paper indicating that OmcB may function as a vanadate reductase or may be part of a vanadate reductase complex.

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