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Opt Lett. 2005 Apr 15;30(8):827-9.

Effect of optical phase on a distributed Brillouin sensor at centimeter spatial resolution.

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Department of Physics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada.


Because of the power imbalance between the two arms of an interferometer in an electro-optic modulator (EOM), the output of the EOM is combined amplitude modulation (AM) and phase modulation (PM) for the probe signal consisting of the pulse and the dc component. Because of this PM, the Brillouin gain-loss spectrum becomes asymmetric. The central Brillouin frequency is shifted from that of an AM pulse. The maximum extinction ratio of the EOM is limited to approximately 29 dB for a power-splitting ratio of 51% to 49%. The asymmetric property induced by PM is not pulse shape dependent; for both Gaussian- and super-Gaussian-shaped pulses the Brillouin loss spectrum is symmetric for AM and asymmetric for combined AM and PM (power imbalance).

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