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Scand J Surg. 2005;94(1):77-81.

Etiology and outcome of burns in Tabriz, Iran. An analysis of 2963 cases.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz, Iran. maghsoudih@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Burn injuries still produce a significant morbidity and mortality in Iran. A 3-year retrospective review of burn victims hospitalized at a major burn center was conducted to determine the etiology and outcome of patients in Tabriz.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Two thousand nine hundred sixty + three patients were identified and stratified by age, sex, burn size, presence or absence of inhalation injury, cause of burn. There is one burn center in the East Azarbygan province serving 3.3 million people over an area of 47,830 sq.km.

RESULTS:

The overall incidence rates of hospitalization and death were 30.5% and 5.6% per 100000 person years. The mean patient age was 22 years, and the male: female ratio was 1.275. There were 555 deaths altogether (18.7%). The highest incidence of burns was in the 1-9 age group (29.2%). Patients with less than 40 percent of burned surface constituted 79.8% of injuries. The most common cause of burns was kerosene accident in adults and scald injuries in children. The mean length of hospitalization was 13 days. The mean body surface area burned was larger with higher mortality in females than in males (p < 0.001). Inhalation injuries were strongly associated with large burns and were present in all flame-burn fatalities.

CONCLUSION:

In our opinion, social factors are the main drive leading to an unacceptably high rate of burn injuries in our societies. Most of the burn injuries were caused by domestic accidents and were, therefore, preventable; educational programs might reduce the incidence of burn injuries.

PMID:
15865123
DOI:
10.1177/145749690509400118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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