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Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 2005;25(1):41-6.

Telmisartan has the strongest binding affinity to angiotensin II type 1 receptor: comparison with other angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers.

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  • 1Pharmacology Laboratory, Institute for Drug Discovery Research, Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Tsukuba, Japan.


There is a growing body of evidence that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Indeed, large clinical trials have demonstrated a substantial benefit of the blockade of this system for cardiovascular-organ protection. Although several types of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers (ARBs) are commercially available for the treatment of patients with hypertension, comparisons of the binding affinity to AT1 receptor among them remain to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the dissociation rate of several ARBs from AT1 receptor in vitro. Angiotensin II time-dependently dissociated telmisartan, olmesartan, candesartan, valsartan, losartan and an active metabolite of losartan, EXP3174, from membrane components containing human AT1 receptor The dissociation rate constant of each ARB was 0.003248, 0.004171, 0.005203, 0.009946, 0.01027 and 0.008561 min(-1), with corresponding half-lives of 213, 166, 133, 70, 67 and 81 min, respectively. These results demonstrate that telmisartan has the strongest binding affinity to AT1 receptor among various ARBs examined herein. The rank order of affinity was telmisartan > olmesartan > candesartan > EXP3174 > or = valsartan > or = losartan. The present findings suggest that telmisartan (Micardis) may have long-lasting blood pressure-lowering effects and superior cardioprotective properties in patients with hypertension due to its strongest AT1 receptor antagonistic ability.

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