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Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2005 Jan;15(1):43-50.

Genetic factors related to unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia amongst adults.

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Department of Medical Technology, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.


Some variations in the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene are involved in the development of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. We hypothesize that other genetic factors may also be associated with this disease. A total of 227 adults with normal routine haematology and liver function (apart from bilirubin testing for which they revealed bilirubin > or = 25.7 micromol/l and unconjugated bilirubin/total bilirubin > or = 80%), and 235 sex- and age-matched controls, were recruited. All subjects were analysed for UGT1A1, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and organic anion transporter polypeptide 2 (OATP2) genotypes using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The results indicated that G6PD deficiency, variant UGT1A1 gene and variant OATP2 gene were risk factors for hyperbilirubinemia. The odds ratios (OR) (with 95% confidence interval) were 220.83 (34.68-1406.30), 73.61 (17.01-318.63), 45.15 (11.19-182.22), 15.46 (4.35-54.99) and 6.51 (1.83-23.09), respectively, for individuals featuring the common UGT1A1/OATP2 haplotypes homozygous/heterozygous, compound heterozygous/heterozygous, compound heterozygous/wild-type, heterozygous/heterozygous and heterozygous/wild-type variations amongst subjects with normal G6PD activity. Amongst the subjects with G6PD deficiency, the OR was 159.00 (24.57-1028.94) for individuals carrying variations in both UGT1A1 and OATP2 genes. The UGT1A1/OATP2 haplotypes homozygous/wild-type, homozygous/compound heterozygous and homozygous/homozygous for G6PD normal and variant/wild-type for G6PD deficient individuals were only observed in the case group, and not in the control group. Amongst hyperbilirubinemic adults, bilirubin values tended to parallel variation status of their haplotypes. Adults featuring certain haplotypes in UGT1A1, OATP2 and G6PD genes face a high risk of developing unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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