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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Apr-May;1707(2-3):211-20. Epub 2004 Dec 22.

Composition of complex I from Neurospora crassa and disruption of two "accessory" subunits.

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Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular (IBMC), Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 823, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal.


Respiratory chain complex I of the fungus Neurospora crassa contains at least 39 polypeptide subunits, of which 35 are conserved in mammals. The 11.5 kDa and 14 kDa proteins, homologues of bovine IP15 and B16.6, respectively, are conserved among eukaryotes and belong to the membrane domain of the fungal enzyme. The corresponding genes were separately inactivated by repeat-induced point-mutations, and null-mutant strains of the fungus were isolated. The lack of either subunit leads to the accumulation of distinct intermediates of the membrane arm of complex I. In addition, the peripheral arm of the enzyme seems to be formed in mutant nuo14 but, interestingly, not in mutant nuo11.5. These results and the analysis of enzymatic activities of mutant mitochondria indicate that both polypeptides are required for complex I assembly and function.

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