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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Feb;94(1-3):23-37. Epub 2005 Mar 16.

Selective hormone-dependent repression of estrogen receptor beta by a p38-activated ErbB2/ErbB3 pathway.

Author information

1
Ste-Justine Hospital Research Center, 3175 Cote Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Que., Canada H3T 1C5.

Abstract

Deregulated signaling of ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase is often associated with hormone resistance in estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-positive breast cancers, establishing a relationship between ErbB2 and ERalpha pathways. Although ERalpha and ERbeta are expressed in many breast cancer cells, the response of ERbeta to ErbB2 signaling is less well defined. In the present study, we demonstrate that ERbeta activity can be modulated by ErbB2 signaling in ER-expressing breast cancer cells. The estrogen-dependent transcriptional activity of ERbeta was altered in a manner similar to ERalpha by either activation of ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling by growth factor heregulin beta or expression of a constitutively active mutant of ErbB2. However, as opposed to ERalpha, the p38 MAPK pathway was found to be involved in liganded ERbeta repression activity by ErbB2 signaling and in regulating estrogen-responsive promoter occupancy by ERbeta. The repression in ERbeta response to hormone was dependent upon its AF-1 domain which includes serines 106 and 124, two phosphorylation target sites for Erk that we previously showed to be involved in SRC-1 recruitment to ERbeta. Substitution of these two serines by aspartic acid residues abolished the repression of ERbeta by activated ErbB2/ErbB3. Moreover, expression of SRC-1 also relieved the inhibition of ERbeta in heregulin-treated cells. Our study demonstrates a functional coupling between ERbeta and ErbB receptors and outlines the differential role of the AF-1 region in the regulation of the estrogen-dependent cell growth and activity of both estrogen receptors in response to growth factor signaling.

PMID:
15862947
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsbmb.2005.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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