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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 May;145(5):1142-8.

A search for mycobacterial DNA in granulomatous tissues from patients with sarcoidosis using the polymerase chain reaction.

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Faculté de Médecine Xavier Bichat, Paris, France.


We have used the polymerase chain reaction as a tool to detect the presence of mycobacterial DNA from organisms of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and other species of mycobacteria in samples from patients with sarcoidosis. Using systems based on the amplification of a fragment of the gene coding for the 65-kD mycobacterial antigen, which were demonstrated to detect approximately 20 mycobacterial genomes/microgram total DNA, DNA from M. tuberculosis was reproducibly identified in DNA extracted from granulomatous tissues from two patients with sarcoidosis, but could not be detected in DNA extracted from tissue biopsies (n = 16) or cells recovered by lavage (n = 6) from most sarcoid patients or from control subjects (n = 22). Using a system based on the amplification of a fragment of the IS6110 insertion element, which could reliably detect two genomes of mycobacterial DNA/microgram total DNA, no additional positive results were observed. In an effort to identify another species of Mycobacterium present in granulomatous tissues from sarcoid patients but not control tissues, a fragment of the 65-kD mycobacterial antigen was amplified and then reamplified using "nested" primers recognizing sequences that are highly conserved among mycobacteria and closely related species, and the amplified DNA products were cloned and sequenced. Amplified DNA was observed in a minority of samples from patients and control subjects (32/84 and 34/77 attempts, respectively, p greater than 0.2), resulting from amplification of DNA from at least 17 different organisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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