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Immunol Lett. 2005 May 15;98(2):259-64. Epub 2004 Dec 15.

Normal immunoglobulin gene somatic hypermutation in Pol kappa-Pol iota double-deficient mice.

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Division of Biosignaling, Research Institute for Biological Sciences (RIBS), Tokyo University of Science, Yamazaki 2669, Noda, Chiba 278-0022, Japan.


Somatic hypermutation (SHM) occurs in the variable region of immunoglobulin genes in germinal center B cells where it plays an important role in affinity maturation of the T cell-dependent immune response. Although the precise mechanism of SHM is still unknown, it has been suggested that error-prone DNA polymerases (Pol) are involved in SHM. Poliota is a member of the error-prone Y-family of DNA polymerases which exhibit translesion synthesis activity in vitro and are highly mutagenic when replicating on non-damaged DNA templates. In BL2 cell line stimulated to induce SHM, the induction is Poliota-dependent. However, in 129-derived strains of mice deficient in Poliota, SHM is normal. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that a Poliota deficiency in mice might be compensated for by another error-prone DNA polymerase, such as Polkappa, which also belongs to the Y-family of DNA polymerases. Although SHM in Polkappa-deficient mice is normal, their deficiency might be compensated for by Poliota. In this study, we generated Polkappa-Poliota double-deficient mice and examined them for SHM. We found that the double-deficient mice had the normal SHM frequency and profile, rendering them indistinguishable from Polkappa-deficient mice and thus conclude that Poliota and Polkappa are dispensable for SHM in mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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