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Anal Chem. 2005 May 1;77(9):2802-9.

Use of multidimensional lectin affinity chromatography in differential glycoproteomics.

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Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.


This paper reports studies comparing the relative degree of sialylation among human serum glycoproteins carrying complex biantennary N-linked, hybrid, and high-mannose oligosaccharides. Comparisons were made by coupling lectin affinity selection with stable isotope coding of peptides from tryptic digests of serum. After proteolysis, samples were split and differentially acetylated with stable isotope coding agents according to either origin or the separation method by which they would be fractionated. A lectin column prepared from Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) was used to select and compare the concentration of sialic acid containing glycopeptides. The relative standard deviation in quantification using this method was 4%. Using this method the concentration of sialic acid containing glycoproteins from a normal individual were compared to those in a pooled serum sample from a large number of normal individuals. It was found that sialylation varied less than 2-fold in all but four or five glycoproteins. Further studies were done on the degree of sialylation within glycoproteins. Samples labeled with the light isoform of the coding agent were applied to a set of serial lectin columns consisting of a concanavalin A (Con A) column coupled to an SNA column for selecting sialic acid appended to glycopeptides with complex biantennary N-linked, hybrid, and high-mannose glycans. In contrast, samples labeled with the heavy isoform of the coding agent were applied to a Con A lectin column alone to select glycopeptides containing complex biantennary N-linked, hybrid, and high-mannose glycans, without regard to sialylation. Glycopeptides thus selected were mixed, deglycosylated by PNGase F, and fractionated by reversed-phase chromatography (RPC). The RPC fractions were then analyzed by ESI-MS. The relative standard deviation of the method was 4%. All glycopeptides identified contained sialic acid except one. Peptides in which the relative abundance of isotopic isoforms was equal were considered to indicate that the protein parent was fully sialylated at that specific glycosylation site.

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