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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Jun;55(6):995-1002. Epub 2005 Apr 27.

Comparative evaluation of tigecycline and vancomycin, with and without rifampicin, in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus experimental osteomyelitis in a rabbit model.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism isolated in osteomyelitis. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections are particularly difficult to treat. We evaluated the efficacy of tigecycline and vancomycin with and without rifampicin in a rabbit model of MRSA osteomyelitis.

METHODS:

A 28 day antibiotic therapy with a subcutaneous injection of tigecycline (14 mg/kg twice daily), with and without oral rifampicin (40 mg/kg twice daily); or subcutaneous administration of vancomycin (30 mg/kg twice daily), with and without oral rifampicin (40 mg/kg twice daily) were compared. Osteomyelitis was induced with an intramedullary injection of 10(6) colony-forming units of MRSA. Infected rabbits were randomly divided into six groups: tigecycline, tigecycline with oral rifampicin, vancomycin, vancomycin with oral rifampicin, and no treatment control and tigecycline bone penetration groups. Treatment began 2 weeks after infection. After 4 weeks of therapy, the rabbits were left untreated for 2 weeks. Rabbits were then euthanized, and the tibias were harvested. The bones were cultured, and bacterial counts of MRSA were performed.

RESULTS:

Rabbits that received tigecycline and oral rifampicin therapy (n=14) showed a 100% infection clearance. Rabbits treated with tigecycline (n=10) showed a 90% clearance. Rabbits treated with vancomycin and oral rifampicin (n=10) also showed a 90% clearance. Rabbits treated with vancomycin (n=11) showed an 81.8% clearance. Untreated controls (n=15) demonstrated only a 26% clearance. For the tigecycline bone penetration group, the bone concentrations of tigecycline in the infected tibia were significantly higher than the non-infected ones.

CONCLUSIONS:

Tigecycline may be an effective alternative to vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA osteomyelitis.

PMID:
15857944
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dki109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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