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J Med Chem. 2005 May 5;48(9):3379-88.

Design of benzophenone-containing photoactivatable linear vasopressin antagonists: pharmacological and photoreactive properties.

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CNRS UPR9023 and INSERM U469, IGF, 141 rue de la Cardonille, 34094 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.


We designed and synthesized new photoactivatable linear vasopressin analogues containing benzophenone photophores. All compounds were monitored and purified using RP-HPLC and characterized by mass spectrometry. Affinity and selectivity were determined in CHO cells expressing either human V(1a), V(1b) or V(2) receptor subtypes. Within the series, compounds 6 (PhCH(2)CO-lBpa-Phe-Gln-Asn-Arg-Pro-Arg-Tyr(3I)-NH(2)) and 9 (PhCH(2)CO-dBpa-Phe-Gln-Asn-Arg-Pro-Arg-Tyr(3I)-NH(2)), containing a benzoylphenylalanine residue (Bpa), were selected and their antagonistic properties determined (K(inact) = 1.87 and 0.35 nM, respectively). The dissociation constant of the most potent candidate (compound 9) was further calculated from saturation experiments using the (125)I derivative (K(d) = 0.07 +/- 0.01 nM). Photolabeling experiments using radioactive compound 9 as a probe were specific and UV-dependent and allowed the identification of two bands at molecular masses around 85-90 kDa and 46 kDa, respectively, as previously described by Phalipou et al., using two photoreactive linear azidopeptide antagonists. The results suggest therefore that compound 9 is a potent new tool for the accurate mapping of the human V(1a) receptor antagonist binding site.

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