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Virology. 1992 Jun;188(2):896-9.

Nucleic acid-binding properties of the alfalfa mosaic virus movement protein produced in yeast.

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Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.


The movement protein of alfalfa mosaic virus (P3) was purified from yeasts transformed with an expression vector containing the P3 gene. Its nucleic acid-binding properties were tested by electrophoretic retardation, nitrocellulose retention, and RNA-protein cross-linking. The recombinant protein had a higher affinity for single-stranded RNA and DNA than for double-stranded nucleic acids. Each nucleic acid molecule bound several protein molecules without sequence specificity. The binding was 80% inhibited by 0.2 M NaCl. These properties are qualitatively similar, but not strictly identical, to those of two other viral movement proteins, the 30-kDa protein of tobacco mosaic virus and the gene I product of cauliflower mosaic virus.

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