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Virology. 1992 Jun;188(2):793-800.

Persistent infection of human adenovirus type 5 in human monocyte cell lines.

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Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York 10029.


Adenovirus infection of human monocyte hybridoma cell lines and the fusion partner U937 was investigated. Adenovirus adsorbed poorly to these cells as well as primary human alveolar macrophages. The virus-binding experiments showed a 100-fold reduction in apparent viral binding to these cells compared to the permissive HeLa cells. Adsorption of adenovirus to these cells could be enhanced by preincubation of adenovirus with its antiserum. Following entry into the cells amplification of adenovirus DNA was detected starting at 2 days postinfection but few mature virus particles were produced. The infected cultures survived the infection and continued to grow for more than a year. In these chronically infected cultures, linear adenovirus DNA persisted up to 200 copies per cell and a small amount of mature virus was produced. Infectious center assay and cell cloning experiments showed that the majority of the cells in the chronically infected cultures harbor adenovirus genome. These results indicate that restriction of replication of human adenovirus type 5 at the late phase results in persistent infection of U937 and the human monocyte hybridoma cell lines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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