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Oncogene. 2005 Jun 30;24(28):4597-603.

Mitogenic signaling by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) involves Galpha12.

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Fels Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Biology, Temple University School Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.


Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a major G protein coupled receptor (GPCR)-activating ligand present in serum, elicits growth factor like responses by stimulating specific GPCRs coupled to heterotrimeric G proteins such as G(i), G(q), and G12/13. Previous studies have shown that the overexpression of wild-type Galpha12 (Galpha12WT) results in the oncogenic transformation of NIH3T3 cells (Galpha12WT-NIH3T3) in a serum-dependent manner. Based on the potent growth-stimulating activity of LPA and the presence of LPA and LPA-like molecules in the serum, we hypothesized that the serum-dependent neoplastic transformation of Galpha12WT-NIH3T3 cells was mediated by the stimulation of LPA-receptors (LPARs) by LPA in the serum. In the present study, using guanine nucleotide exchange assay and GST-TPR binding assay, we show that the treatment of Galpha12WT-NIH3T3 with 2 muM LPA leads to the activation of Galpha12. Stimulation of these cells with LPA promotes JNK-activation, a critical component of Galpha12-response and cell proliferation. We also show that LPA can substitute for serum in stimulating JNK-activity, DNA synthesis, and proliferation of Galpha12WT-NIH3T3 cells. LPA-mediated proliferative response in NIH3T3 cells involves Galpha12, but not the closely related Galpha13. Pretreatment of Galpha12WT-NIH3T3 cells with suramin (100 microM), a receptor-uncoupling agent, inhibited LPA-stimulated proliferation of these cells by 55% demonstrating the signal coupling between cell surface LPAR and Galpha12 in the neoplastic proliferation of NIH3T3 cells. As LPA and LPAR mediated mitogenic pathways have been shown to play a major role in tumor genesis and progression, a mechanistic understanding of the signal coupling between LPAR, Galpha12, and the downstream effectors is likely to unravel additional targets for novel cancer chemotherapies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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