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Int J Food Microbiol. 2005 Apr 15;100(1-3):141-52. Epub 2004 Nov 23.

Simulation of the effect of sausage ingredients and technology on the functionality of the bacteriocin-producing Lactobacillus sakei CTC 494 strain.

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1
Research Group of Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation Technology and Downstream Processing (IMDO), Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

Bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria may be applied as novel functional starter cultures for sausage fermentation. In this way, safer and more standardised end products may be obtained. However, it is not clear how such strains behave under sausage fermentation conditions. In this study, the combined effects of typical sausage ingredients and process technology on the functionality of Lactobacillus sakei CTC 494 were simulated by a modelling approach. Under simulated sausage fermentation conditions, the strain was able to produce a considerable amount of bacteriocin. Model simulations indicate that sausage fermentation conditions of temperature and pH favour bacteriocin production, whereas salting and curing with sodium nitrite decrease growth and bacteriocin production. Sodium nitrite inhibits cell growth under its undissociated nitrous acid form, and its inhibitory effect seems to parallel lactic acid production. Whereas oxygen and magnesium levels did not influence bacterial functionality, manganese limitations severely decreased cell growth. Moreover, the presence of large amounts of fat, which is typical for a sausage environment, leads to an apparent bacteriocin inactivation, probably due to adsorption of the bacteriocin molecules from the water phase to the fat particles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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