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Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2005 Mar 15;43(6):390-3.

[The expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1,2 alpha in sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma and their relationships to the mutations of von Hippel-Lindau gene].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, The First Hospital of Peking University, Institute of Urology, Peking University, Beijing 100034, China. gongkan2004@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the expression of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha, 2alpha in sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma and their relationships to the mutations of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene.

METHODS:

Mutations of VHL gene, expression of HIF-1alpha and 2alpha were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), direct DNA sequencing and immunohistochemistry in 77 cases of Chinese sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC). The stage was pT(1)N(0)M(0)in 55 patients (71%), pT(2)N(0)M(0) in 7 patients (9%), pT(3)N(0)M(0) in 14 patients (18%), and pT(4)N(0)M(0) in 1 patient (1%). The classification according to the tumor nuclear grading system showed 15 carcinomas (19%) of tumor nuclear grade 1, 56 (73%) of tumor nuclear grade 2 and 6 (8%) of tumor nuclear grade 3.

RESULTS:

None of the VHL gene mutations were found in all the normal tissue specimens. VHL gene mutations were detected in 40 (52%) cases of CCRCC. The positive rate of HIF-2alpha (81%) was higher than that of HIF-1alpha (66%) (chi(2) = 23.310, P < 0.01); The positive rate of HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha in the cases of mutations (98% and 93% respectively) was higher than that of them in non-mutations (32% and 68% respectively) (chi(2) = 36.386, 7.617, P < 0.01); The correlation between HIF-1alpha and VHL gene mutations was closer than that between HIF-2alpha and VHL gene mutations (partial correlation coefficiency was 4.481 and 2.027 respectively, P < 0.01). The expression of HIF-1alpha and 2alpha in different pathological grade and stage of CCRCC showed no significant difference (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study suggests that VHL gene mutations are frequent in sporadic CCRCC, and the high expression of HIF-1alpha and 2alpha are found in the group of VHL mutations. However, we have not found significant correlation between the expression of HIF-1alpha and 2alpha and pathological grade and stage of CCRCC in our study.

PMID:
15854350
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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