Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2005 May-Jun;32(5-6):467-72.

Autonomic and respiratory responses to microinjection of ATP into the intermediate or caudal nucleus tractus solitarius in the working heart-brainstem preparation of the rat.

Author information

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.


1. Activation of peripheral chemoreceptors with KCN in the working heart-brainstem preparation from young male Wistar rats (70-90 g) increases phrenic (PNA; +105 +/- 18%) and thoracic (tSNA; +44 +/- 6%) sympathetic nerve activity compared with baseline and reduces heart rate (HR; from 377 +/- 27 to 83 +/- 6 b.p.m.). 2. Microinjections of increasing doses of ATP (1, 5, 25, 100 and 500 mmol/L; n = 7) into the intermediate nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) produced a dose-dependent reduction in PNA (from -6 +/- 3 to -82 +/- 1%) and in HR (from -12 +/- 4 to -179 +/- 47 b.p.m.). Microinjections of ATP into the intermediate NTS also produced a reduction in tSNA (from -3 +/- 3 to -26 +/- 5%), which was not dose dependent. 3. Microinjections of ATP into the caudal NTS (n = 5) produced a dose-dependent increase in PNA (from 0.2 +/- 3 to 115 +/- 27%) and minor changes in HR and tSNA, which were not dose dependent. 4. The data show that microinjection of ATP into distinct subregions of the NTS produces different respiratory and autonomic responses and suggest that ATP in the caudal NTS is involved in the respiratory but not in the sympathoexcitatory component of the chemoreflex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center