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Hypertension. 2005 Jun;45(6):1139-44. Epub 2005 Apr 25.

Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors attenuate angiotensin II-induced oxidative stress, hypertension, and cardiac hypertrophy in rats.

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1
Department of Physiology, University of Montreal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

Angiotensin II is an important oxidative stress mediator. Our previous studies have indicated that the potent antioxidative properties of acetylsalicylic acid play an important role in its cardiovascular protective effects. There are some ongoing controversies concerning the use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether the cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors rofecoxib and nimesulide possess antioxidative and cardiovascular protective effects against angiotensin II. Chronic subcutaneous angiotensin II infusion increased cardiovascular but not colonic tissue superoxide production, heart/body weight ratio, and blood pressure. Moreover, angiotensin II selectively increased cardiac cyclooxygenase-2 but not cyclooxygenase-1 expression, which was totally prevented by acetylsalicylic acid treatment. Similar to acetylsalicylic acid, rofecoxib or nimesulide treatments significantly attenuated angiotensin II-induced oxidative stress, hypertension, and cardiac NAD(P)H oxidase subunit p47(phox) expression. Rofecoxib also reduced cardiac hypertrophy. Treatment with nonselective anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen, indomethacin, or salicylic acid did not show any effect on angiotensin II-induced superoxide production, hypertension, or cardiac hypertrophy. Although acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid inhibited angiotensin II-induced nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, nimesulide did not modify NF-kappaB activation. In conclusion, cyclooxygenase-2 pathway is implicated in angiotensin II-induced oxidative stress and deleterious cardiovascular changes. Rofecoxib and nimesulide produced significant antioxidative effect by reducing NAD(P)H oxidase-dependent superoxide generation. These effects seem to be independent of NF-kappaB inhibition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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