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Life Sci. 2005 May 20;77(1):28-38.

Inhibition of hypoxia-induced proliferation and collagen synthesis by vasonatrin peptide in cultured rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells.

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Department of Physiology, Fourth Military Medical University, No.17 West Changle Road, Xi'an 710032, China.


The aim of the present research is to investigate the effects of vasonatrin peptide (VNP) on hypoxia-induced proliferation and collagen synthesis in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Smooth muscle cells isolated from rat pulmonary artery were cultured and used at passages 3-5. Cell proliferation and collagen synthesis were evaluated by cell counts, [(3)H] thymidine and [(3)H] proline incorporation. The results showed that cells exposed to hypoxia for 24 h exhibited a significant increase in [(3)H] thymidine (93%) and [(3)H] proline (52%) incorporation followed by a significant increase in cell number (47%) at 48 h in comparison with the respective normoxic controls. VNP reduced hypoxia-stimulated increase in cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner from 10(-8) to 10(-6) mol/L and attenuated hypoxia-induced collagen synthesis ranging from 10(-6) to 10(-5) mol/L, which is similar to but more potent than both ANP and CNP. The action of VNP on PASMCs was mimicked by 8-bromo-cGMP (10(-4) mol/L, the membrane-permeable cGMP analog), and blocked by HS-142-1 (2 x 10(-5) mol/L), the particulate guanylyl cyclase-coupled natriuretic peptide receptor antagonist, or KT-5823 (10(-6) mol/L), the cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) inhibitor. The results suggest that VNP inhibits hypoxia-stimulated proliferation and collagen synthesis in cultured rat PASMCs via particulate guanylyl cyclase-coupled receptors through cGMP/PKG dependent mechanisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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