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FEBS Lett. 2005 Apr 25;579(11):2327-33.

Human mitochondrial peroxiredoxin 5 protects from mitochondrial DNA damages induced by hydrogen peroxide.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institut des Sciences de la Vie, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium.


Peroxiredoxin 5 is a thioredoxin peroxidase ubiquitously expressed in mammalian tissues. Peroxiredoxin 5 can be addressed intracellularly to mitochondria, peroxisomes, the cytosol and the nucleus. Here, we show that mitochondrial human peroxiredoxin 5 protects mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from oxidative attacks. In an acellular assay, recombinant peroxiredoxin 5 was shown to protect plasmid DNA from damages induced by metal-catalyzed generation of reactive oxygen species. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, overexpression of mitochondrial peroxiredoxin 5 significantly decreased mtDNA damages caused by exogenously added hydrogen peroxide. Altogether our results suggest that mitochondrial peroxiredoxin 5 may play an important role in mitochondrial genome stability.

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