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Anesth Analg. 2005 May;100(5):1482-8, table of contents.

Neuraxial anesthesia and low-molecular-weight heparin prophylaxis in major orthopedic surgery in the wake of the latest American Society of Regional Anesthesia guidelines.

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Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia, UVA Health System, PO Box 800710, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0710, USA.


In May 2003, the Second American Society of Regional Anesthesia Consensus Conference statement was issued partly in response to continued safety concerns over the use of regional anesthesia--in particular, neuraxial techniques--with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) prophylaxis in major orthopedic surgery. As the 2003 Consensus statement makes clear, regional anesthesia may be used safely with LMWH prophylaxis. The key to optimizing patient safety, however, depends on a careful calibration of the total daily dose and the timing of the first and subsequent doses of the LMWH drug with the timing and management of the regional anesthetic procedure. Because the challenge of successfully providing regional anesthesia in the presence of LMWH thromboprophylaxis is a clinical one, anesthesiologists should do what they can to ensure that every member of the surgical team has an understanding of current literature and practice guidelines such as those recently published by the American Society of Regional Anesthesia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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