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Anesth Analg. 2005 May;100(5):1320-4, table of contents.

Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma pharmacokinetics of the cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor rofecoxib in humans: single and multiple oral drug administration.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Rush University Medical Center, 1653 W. Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics of orally administered cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors, with single or multiple dosing, is of clinical relevance because it may relate to the analgesic efficacy of these drugs. We enrolled 9 subjects with implanted intrathecal catheters in the study. After 50-mg oral rofecoxib administration, the CSF drug concentration lagged slightly behind the plasma drug concentration. The ratio of the 24-h area under the drug-concentration curve (AUC) in CSF to plasma was 0.142. After daily dosing of rofecoxib 50 mg/d for 9 days, rofecoxib concentrations in plasma and CSF were larger on Day 9 than on Day 1, with the 24-h AUC on Day 9 more than twice the Day 1 AUC for both plasma and CSF. After nine consecutive daily doses of rofecoxib, the AUC(CSF)/AUC(plasma) ratio was 0.159. The important findings of this study are that CSF rofecoxib levels are approximately 15% of plasma levels and that repeated daily dosing more than doubles the AUC in CSF.

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