Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2005 Jun 17;280(24):22688-96. Epub 2005 Apr 20.

Hypoxia inhibition of adipocytogenesis in human bone marrow stromal cells requires transforming growth factor-beta/Smad3 signaling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Although hypoxia and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) inhibit differentiation of adipocytes from preadipocytes and bone marrow-derived cells in several species, the relationship between hypoxia and TGF-beta signaling in adipocytogenesis is unknown. In this study, we evaluated the mechanisms of inhibition of adipocyte differentiation by hypoxia and TGF-beta in human and murine marrow stromal cells (MSCs) and the role of TGF-beta/Smad signaling in the inhibition of adipocytogenesis by hypoxia. Both hypoxia-mimetic deferoxamine mesylate (DFO) and TGF-beta1 inhibited adipocyte differentiation (1.0% versus the control at 15 microm DFO and 1.4% versus the control at 1 ng/ml TGF-beta1) and adipocyte gene expression (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 and lipoprotein lipase) in human MSCs after 21 days of treatment. Hypoxia (2% O(2)) and DFO (but not TGF-beta1) increased hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha as shown by Western blotting. Macroarrays and Western and Northern blot analyses showed that hypoxia activated the TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway and that both hypoxia and TGF-beta1 modulated adipocyte differentiation pathways such as the insulin-, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma-, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-, and MAPK-associated signaling pathways. Studies with mouse marrow stromal cell lines derived from Smad3(+/+) or Smad3(-/-) mice revealed that the TGF-beta type I receptor (ALK-5) and its intracellular signaling molecule Smad3 were necessary for the inhibition of adipocyte differentiation by both TGF-beta and hypoxia-mimetic DFO. Thus, the TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway is required for hypoxia-mediated inhibition of adipocyte differentiation in MSCs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center