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Infect Immun. 2005 May;73(5):3115-23.

CD40 signaling in macrophages induces activity against an intracellular pathogen independently of gamma interferon and reactive nitrogen intermediates.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, P.O. Box 670560, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0560, USA.

Abstract

Gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) is the major inducer of classical activation of macrophages. Classically activated mouse macrophages acquire antimicrobial activity that is largely dependent on the production of reactive nitrogen intermediates. However, protection against important intracellular pathogens can take place in the absence of IFN-gamma and nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2). Using Toxoplasma gondii as a model, we investigated if CD40 signaling generates mouse macrophages with effector function against an intracellular pathogen despite the absence of priming with IFN-gamma and lack of production of reactive nitrogen intermediates. CD40-stimulated macrophages acquired anti-T. gondii activity that was not inhibited by a neutralizing anti-IFN-gamma monoclonal antibody but was ablated by the neutralization of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). Moreover, while the induction of anti-T. gondii activity in response to CD40 stimulation was unimpaired in macrophages from IFN-gamma(-/-) mice, macrophages from TNF receptor 1/2(-/-) mice failed to respond to CD40 engagement. In contrast to IFN-gamma-lipopolysaccharide, CD40 stimulation did not induce NOS2 expression and did not trigger production of reactive nitrogen intermediates. Neither N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine nor diphenyleneiodonium chloride affected the induction of anti-T. gondii activity in response to CD40. Finally, macrophages from NOS2(-/-) mice acquired anti-T. gondii activity in response to CD40 stimulation that was similar to that of macrophages from wild-type mice. These results demonstrate that CD40 induces the antimicrobial activity of macrophages against an intracellular pathogen despite the lack of two central features of classically activated macrophages: priming with IFN-gamma and production of reactive nitrogen intermediates.

PMID:
15845519
PMCID:
PMC1087328
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.73.5.3115-3123.2005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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