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Vet Parasitol. 2005 May 15;129(3-4):333-9.

Efficacy of fipronil in the treatment of feline cheyletiellosis.

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Studio Dermatologico Veterinario, Via Sismondi 62, I-20133 Milano, Italy.


The purpose of the present study was to confirm the efficacy of 10% (w/v) fipronil spot-on (Frontline spot-on for cats) in the treatment of feline cheyletiellosis under field conditions. A total of 16 cats of different breeds, sexes, 4 months to 14 years of age and weighing 0.5-6 kg were treated with a single topical application of 10% (w/v) fipronil spot-on according to label directions. The animals were naturally infested with Cheyletiella mites and housed in their normal environment throughout the study. Animals were selected based on clinical signs and infestation was confirmed by demonstration of mites. Mite counts and a clinical assessment of mite infestations (i.e. skin lesions and/or scales) were performed on days 0 and approximately days 14 and 28. Individual counts on day 0 ranged from 1 to 40 mites on individual animals. No mites were detected on cats treated with 10% (w/v) fipronil spot-on (Frontline spot-on for cats) at both post-treatment evaluations. Typical skin lesions and/or scales were present in all animals pre-treatment. In 56% of the cats, the lesions resolved within 14 days after treatment. At the final assessment, 75% cats were free of lesions. Two cats that still had clinical signs on day 28 were suspected of having allergic reactions to food or environmental allergens. The lesions on the remaining two cats could not be related to a specific cause. The efficacy of fipronil in elimination of mites was 100% on each occasion when compared to the pre-treatment count. The results of this study demonstrated that fipronil in a topical formulation is highly effective (100%) for the elimination of an existing Cheyletiella mite infestation under field conditions following a single topical application in cats.

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